The ability to analyse a given material critically is highly necessary among students who are close to completing their graduation. Many graduate programs require students to write a comprehensive dissertation to become eligible for their degree. However, this extensive paper requires a whole lot of critical think ability to get the job done with total efficiency.
Given that most students fall short in this area, they find it very difficult to produce something that reflects a valuable interpretation of a topic rather than a simple rephrased version. This is the reason it is important for students to polish their critical thinking or analysis ability so that they don’t have to face troubles in their academic or professional undertakings.
Many expert writers suggest that critical thinking ability comes with creative thinking since the latter allows an individual who think out-of-the-box or present something new, unique. Unless you are able to think beyond the conventional boundaries, performing a critical analysis of any material will always seem intimidating to you.
Basic Elements of Critical Analysis Skills
Usually critical thinking is governed by three important elements: data accumulation, clarification and evaluation. Unless you are conversant in performing these basic elements, you’ll not be able to present a logical and sound analysis of any topic.
The process of critical thinking starts with data accumulation, i.e., gathering of valid and germane information. Remember that when you skim through diverse resources to obtain information, you extract that information in a raw form. It means you can’t use the information as it is but you need to process it effectively to determine whether its use. To perform this step with complete precision you need to ensure three main points:
• First of all, the information you extract must be relevant to your area of research or topic.
• Secondly, it should be retrieved from different sources so that you can have a good comprehension of the material.
• Last but not least, it must be retrieved from authentic sources.
The clarification process is the most hectic of all. In this step, you have to dig a little deeper into your research to gain an in-depth knowledge of the topic and understand how the material is related to your topic. Clarification step also involves extraction of empirical data to defend the arguments that you’ll outline during the process. That being said, it is necessary to understand that one must avoid copying the research work of someone else and using it without giving the credit to the source.
Finally, in this last process, you assess the information that you have collected and refined through the aforementioned steps. The evaluation process allows you to determine whether any idea from the collected information reflects a valid account of your topic or not. If there is any piece of information that doesn’t give a sound idea of your assignment, then simply put it aside. Remember you only need the analysis that is relevant to the particular topic, not discrete.